In order to enable the Community to adapt to the radical changes in the structures of the world economy and to take into account the broad responsibility of the World Trade Organisation, the Treaty of Amsterdam amended Article 133 of the EC Treaty so that the Council could unanimously extend the scope of the common trade policy to international negotiations and agreements on services and intellectual property. c) A declaration may also be an informal agreement on a minor issue. (a) A signing protocol is a contracted instrument developed by the same parties. Such a protocol deals with ancillary issues such as the interpretation of certain clauses of the treaty, the formal clauses not included in the treaty or the regulation of technical issues. The ratification of the treaty usually involves the ratification of such a protocol ipso facto. The end of a contract, the Eschatocol (or final protocol), is often marked by a clause such as “in the knowledge of witnesses” or “in faith, of what”, the parties have affixed their signatures, followed by the words “DONE at”, and then the place (s) of the execution of the contract and the date (s) of its execution. The date is usually written in the most formal, non-digital form. For example, the Charter of the United Nations was “DONE in the city of San Francisco on the twenty-sixth day of June, one thousand nine hundred and fifty-five.” When the contract is executed in several copies in different languages, this fact is always taken into account and the provision is that versions are also mandatory in different languages. In order to create a genuine European cultural space, the Union is called upon to promote cooperation between Member States and, if necessary, to support and complement its activities in the following areas: the idea of a European Police Office was first raised at the European Council in Luxembourg (June 1991).
At that time, it was planned to create a new body to set up a structure for the development of police cooperation between Member States in the prevention and fight against serious forms of international organised crime. The Office was provided for by the Maastricht Treaty and began its activities in January 1994 as a drug control unit (EDUs).