“I feel like it was yesterday,” says Willie Keatainak, recalling a day he will always remember: February 28, 1995. Exploration and the Raglan mine are located in northern Quebec. Negotiations and the signing of the agreement were conducted under the James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement (JBNQA) of 1975. The JBNQA has one aspect of land claims and the requirements of negotiations with Aboriginal groups. However, the land on which the Raglan mine was to be located was not on “claimed” land and did not overlap directly with an Inuit commune; As a result, the requirement to negotiate or create an IBA has not been met.  Nunavik officials sign the Raglan Convention of 28 February 1995 in Kuujjuaq. The agreement was the first impact agreement signed in Canada between a mining company and an indigenous group. (Photo courtesy of Raglan Mine) In 1995, Glencore and five Inuit partners signed the Raglan Agreement. This historic moment has redefined the concept of social responsibility of a mining company.
The agreement concerned the creation of sustainable jobs for Inuit, the development of their individual and professional capacities, and the long-term economic development of Nunavik. “You have to understand that this was one of the first agreements of its kind negotiated in North America, perhaps even in the world,” Keatainak said. In 1995, the Raglan mine was still a few years away from its commissioning, from a large complex on the tundra about 100 kilometres south of Salluit. “We learned a lot from the negotiation and implementation of this agreement,” said Adamie Delisle Alaku, vice president of renewable resources at Makivik Corp. and another signatory to the agreement. The Raglan mine is located in Nunavik, Quebec`s northernmost region. Since the early 1930s, the mineral resources of the Nunavik region have been explored.  It was not until the 1990s, with a boom in the global mineral market, that a real and concerted effort began to explore Quebec`s Arctic resources.  In 1992, a feasibility study was carried out for the future Raglan mine, with positive results.  Negotiations began between 1992 and 1995 between the interested Inuit parties of Nunavik and the mining company Falconbridge Ltd.
 The Raglan Agreement (1995) was developed in accordance with the James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement (JBNQA) and was the first true IBA (Impact and Benefit Agreement) mining agreement ever signed in Canada between a mining company and an Aboriginal group. Since then, the Raglan Agreement has been used as a reference point for other Aboriginal agreements in the mining and other industrial sectors. The agreement was the first impact and charitable agreement signed in Canada between a mining company and an indigenous group. The Raglan Agreement, signed in 1995, was the first Impact Benefit (IBA) agreement in Canada, negotiated and signed directly between a mining company and the Aboriginal group, which would eventually be operated by mining.  The agreement itself set out the conditions between the Nunavik Inuit, namely the neighbouring municipalities of Salluit and Kangiqsujuaq: how the project would be controlled and how it would ensure that Inuit receive the necessary social and economic benefits.