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Agreement At Biak Na Bato

According to historian Sonia M. Zaide, the agreement consisted of three parts: a charter based on the Cuban Constitution was also designed by Felix Ferrer and Isabelo Artacho. Signed on November 18, 1897. The Biak-na-Bato Constitution provided for the creation of a Supreme Council to serve as the supreme body of the Republic`s government. He also described some fundamental human rights, such as freedom of religion, freedom of the press and the right to education. Emilio Aguinaldo and Mariano Trias were elected respectively President of the Supreme Council and Vice-President. The Biak-na-Bato pact Pedro Paterno, a Spaniard born in the Philippines, volunteered to be a negotiator between Aguinaldo and Governor Primo de Rivera to end the clashes. Paterno`s efforts paid off when he signed the pact on 15 December 1897 as a representative of the revolutionaries and of Rivera as a representative of the Spanish government. The heads of state and government are: Emilio Aguinaldo President, Mariano Trias- Vice-President, Antonio Montenegro Secretary, Baldomero Aguinaldo Treasurer and Emilio Riego de Dios. On 23 December 1897, Generals Celestino Tejero and Ricardo Monet of the Spanish Army arrived in Biak-na-Bato and became hostages of the rebels. Both sides have declared a ceasefire and an agreement has been reached between Aguinaldo and the Spanish armed forces for the Spanish government to self-govern in the Philippines in three years, when Aguinaldo goes into exile and surrenders his weapons.

In exchange, Aguinaldo received the P800,000 (Mexican pesos) in compensation for revolutionaries and an amnesty. After receiving a partial payment of 400,000 P, Aguinaldo went to Hong Kong on 27 December 1897. However, some Filipino generals did not believe in the sincerity of the Spaniards. They refused to surrender their weapons. Yet the Te Deum was sung on January 23, 1898. The biak na-bato pact failed on 9 August 1897 and proposed a peace based on Aguinaldo`s reforms and amnesty. Over the next few months, Paterno went back and forth with proposals and counter-proposals between Manila and Biak-na-Bato. Paterno`s efforts resulted in a peace agreement, the so-called Biak na-Bato Pact. These were three documents, the first two signed on December 14, 1897 and the third on December 15; Republic of Biak-na-Bato. [10] The separation of the Philippines from the Spanish monarchy and their formation into an independent state with its own government, the Philippine Republic, was the end of the revolution in the war that began on August 24, 1896.

and so, in his name and by the power delegated by the Filipino people, faithful to their desires and ambitions, we, the representatives of the revolution, in a meeting in Biac-na-bato, Nov.

Dr. Avery Jenkins

Dr. Avery Jenkins is a chiropractic primary care physician in Litchfield, CT. He is board certified in clinical nutrition and acupuncture, and is a frequent speaker and lecturer. He provides drug testing services for employers, courts, and attorneys state-wide.

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