In the second phase, as soon as things return to normal, NIC officials will take responsibility for the British representing the Allies. However, the agreement was not ratified until 24 August 1945 in London. With Japan surrendering on 15 August, the Dutch quickly urged the British to ratify the agreement immediately. However, in accordance with the Potsdam agreement reached a month earlier, the content of the provision has been expanded. On November 10, 1945, the British began to taute Surabaya from the sea and the air. On the British side, the objective of this operation is to save British prisoners of war and internment who are still being held by Indonesia. On the Indonesian side, the fighters tried to preserve independence and were reluctant to respond to British demands. After the japanese surrendered on August 15, 1945, he had to abandon his occupied territories. This meant that the colonies originally conquered by the Westerners of the Allied bloc had to be restored. In fact, Western countries still have the right to continue to govern their colonies first. With regard to Indonesia in particular, the Dutch have been preparing for Indonesia`s renewal since April 1944. Since this month, the Dutch and British governments have been in talks in London and Kandy.
The negotiations resulted in what is known as the civil agreement. KOMPAS.com – The allied and Dutch arrival in Indonesia came after the Allies won World War II and Japan surrendered unconditionally to the Allies. Previously, on 24 August 1945, a civil agreement was reached between England and the Netherlands. The agreement included the British will to help the Dutch restore power in Indonesia. The British thus closed the Dutch Civil Administration of Indies (NICA) and the Dutch soldiers on landing in Indonesia. On August 1, 1945, MacArthur`s authority over Java, Bali, Lombok, Kalimantan and Sulawesi was transferred to Mountbatten. Many say that Indonesia`s fate will be different if the entry into Indonesia is an American soldier and not a British soldier. The battle, which took place every 10 November, was not a one-day battle, but involved a series of battles from late October 1945 to late November 1945.
It can be grouped into three parts, namely the pre-battle, the battle of November 10 and the final battle.