The explanation has been ongoing for more than 25 years. The idea was born in 1982, when the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) established its Working Group on Indigenous Peoples (WGIP), created following a study by Special Rapporteur José Ricardo Martinez Cobo on the problem of discrimination against indigenous peoples. The Working Group to Develop Human Rights Standards to Protect Indigenous Peoples began drafting the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples in 1985. The project was finalized in 1993 and submitted to the Subcommittee on the Prevention of Discrimination and the Protection of Minorities, which agreed the following year. During this period, the International Labour Organization adopted the Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention in 1989. Former Indian Affairs and Northern Development Minister Chuck Strahl called the document “unenforceable in a Western democracy under a constitutional government.”  Strahl stated: “In Canada, you balance individual rights with collective rights and (this) document … He has none of that. If you register, you will not use this document by saying that the only rights that are at stake here are First Nations rights. And of course, in Canada, it is at odds with our Constitution. He gave an example: “In Canada… You`re negotiating… because (native rights) do not exceed all other rights in the country. We also have to look at the people who have lived in these countries for two or three hundred years and who have hunted and fished alongside First Nations.
 Efforts to develop a specific instrument to protect indigenous peoples around the world date back decades. The Working Group on Indigenous Peoples was established in 1982 and was chaired by the Subcommittee on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights, which is the main subsidiary body of the UN Commission on Human Rights (from 2006). Sharples defended New Zealand`s current practices and stated that New Zealand “defines aspirations for rights and restitution of traditionally held land and resources, but New Zealand has developed its own approach through its established processes for resolving contractual claims.” According to Maori law professor Carwyn Jones, New Zealand`s revised position is therefore to “support the rights set out in the declaration until it requires it to do anything else.” 3 In 2016, Canada formally adopted and promised to fully implement the declaration. In a speech at the United Nations Permanent Forum on Aboriginal Issues, Canada`s Minister of Aboriginal and Northern Affairs, Carolyn Bennett, said, “We are now a full supporter of the declaration, without qualifications. We intend to adopt and implement the declaration in accordance with the Canadian Constitution.  Bennett described the statement as “Inspiration in Section 35 [the Canadian Constitution] and recognized it as a complete box of rights for Aboriginal peoples in Canada.”  In July 2016, Canadian Justice Minister Jody Wilson-Raybould, a member of a Kwakwaka`wakw First Nation nation, delivered a speech stating that “the adoption of UNDRIP as Canadian law is not feasible” because it is not compatible with the Indian Act, the current government statute.  1. Individuals and indigenous peoples have the right to make full use of all rights under existing international and national labour law. 1.
Indigenous peoples have the right to the preservation and protection of the environment and the productive capacity of their lands, territories and resources.