The contracts are managed and maintained by the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, which stated that “the general position of Australian law is that contracts to which Australia has adhered, with the exception of those that end a state of war, are not directly and automatically incorporated into Australian law. Signature and ratification do not have the effect of making treaties work in the national territory. In the absence of legislation, contracts cannot impose obligations on the individual or create rights under national law. Yet international law, including contract law, is a legitimate and important influence on the development of the common law and can be used in the interpretation of laws.  Treaties can be implemented through executive action and existing laws are often sufficient to ensure compliance with a treaty. . . .